Wilhelm Heinrich Otto Dix (1891 - 1969) received his academic artistic training through studies at the Dresden School of Arts and Crafts and later at the Dresden Academy of Fine Arts.
Dix's early artistic work leaned toward late Impressionism and Expressionism as well as Futurism and Cubism. Thematically, his paintings were influenced by the events of his time as a soldier in World War I, war motifs and soldiers are over large parts of his work part. Later he turned to Dadaism, and again later to New Objectivity, which he decisively influenced with his works.
He was a professor at the Art Academy in Dresden until the Nazis seized power, but was dismissed under the new regime and increasingly defamed, until many of his works were shown in the Munich propaganda exhibition Entartete Kunst, he was temporarily imprisoned by the Gestapo and then largely ceased his artistic activities. Exceptions were private commissions he received from supporters and friends of his art. After World War II, he resumed his artistic activities and received high recognition for his work until his death.